Managing load balancing strategies - PingAccess - 8.1

PingAccess

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pingaccess-81
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PingAccess
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PingAccess 8.1 (Latest)
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pa-81
pingaccess
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Load balancing strategies are used in a site configuration to distribute the load between multiple backend target servers. Load balancing settings are optional and only available if more than one target is listed for a site.

This functionality can replace a load balancer appliance between the PingAccess engine nodes and the target servers, allowing for a simpler network architecture.

Available load balancing strategies:

Header-Based
The header-based strategy requires incoming requests to include a header that defines the target to select from the Site configuration. This load balancing strategy allows fall back if the requested target is unavailable or if the header is missing from the request.
Round-Robin
The round-robin strategy has a sticky session option that permits a browser session to be pinned to a persistent backend target. This strategy works in conjunction with the availability profile to select a target based on its availability. The load balancer will not select a target that is in a failed state.
Note:

If you specify multiple target servers for a site but don't apply a load balancing strategy, PingAccess uses the first target server in the list until it fails. Secondary target servers are only used if the first target server is not available. PingAccess uses the Failed Retry Timeout value from the site's availability profile settings to determine when to mark the first target server as available again.

Configuring load balancing strategies

To create and configure a new load balancing strategy in PingAccess:

  1. Click Settings and then go to Networking > Load Balancing Strategies.
  2. Click + Add Load Balancing Strategy.
  3. In the Name field, enter a unique descriptive name for the strategy.
  4. In the Type list, select one of the following strategy types:
    • Header-Based
    • Round Robin
  5. Configure the options for the selected load balancing strategy type.
    • For a Header-Based load balancing strategy:
      1. In the Header Name field, enter the name of the header that contains the selected target host.
      2. To configure PingAccess to use the first available target defined for the site, click Show Advanced and select the Fall Back to First Available Host option if the target specified in the header is not available or if the header is not present in the request.
        Note:

        If this option isn't enabled, and the specified target isn't available or the request header isn't present, the client receives a Service Unavailable response.

    • For a Round Robin load balancing strategy:
      1. If browser sessions shouldn't be pinned to a persistent backend target, clear the Sticky Session Enabled check box.

        This check box is selected by default.

      2. If Sticky Session Enabled is selected, enter a cookie name to use in the Cookie Name field.

        The PingAccess engine uses this cookie to track the persistent backend targets for a session.

        Note:

        When you define a web session, the Cookie Name field defines a cookie prefix to use. The rest of the cookie name comes from the Audience field in the web session.

  6. Click Save.

Editing load balancing strategies

To edit the properties of an existing load balancing strategy in PingAccess:

  1. Click Settings and then go to Networking > Load Balancing Strategies.
  2. Click the Expand icon to see more details about the load balancing strategy that you want to edit.
  3. Click the Pencil icon.
  4. Make any desired changes to the properties.
  5. Click Save.

Deleting load balancing strategies

To delete an existing load balancing strategy in PingAccess:

  1. Click Settings and then go to Networking > Load Balancing Strategies.
  2. Click the Expand icon to see more details about the load balancing strategy that you want to delete.
  3. Click the Delete icon.
  4. Click Delete.