PingDirectory Server can maintain a history of recent successful and failed sign on attempts.
If enabled, it maintains the following information about each recorded attempt:
- A Boolean value indicating whether the attempt was successful
- A timestamp, formatted in the ISO 8601 format described in RFC 3339, indicating when the attempt occurred
- The name of the authentication method that was attempted (for example, “simple” or “SASL PLAIN”)
- The IP address of the client that made the attempt, if available
- A general reason that the authentication attempt failed for failed attempts
- An optional additional attempt count that can be used to indicate how many other attempts with the same properties (successful, authentication method, client IP address, and failure reason) occurred on the same date
Enabling recent login history
The following password policy configuration properties are used to manage recent login history tracking:
- The maximum number of successful attempts to maintain in the recent login history.
- The maximum length of time to retain successful login attempts in the recent login history.
- The maximum number of failed attempts to maintain in the recent login history.
- The maximum length of time to retain failed attempts in the recent login history.
- The behavior to exhibit for clients with multiple similar attempts (with the
same values for the successful, authentication method, client IP address,
and failure reason fields) on the same date (within the UTC time zone).
Allowed values include:
collapse-similar-attempts-on-the-same-date— Indicates that multiple similar attempts should be collapsed into a single record. The timestamp of that record reflects the most recent attempt on that date, and the additional attempt count reflects the number of additional similar attempts that were collapsed. This is the default behavior.
maintain-every-attempt— Indicates that the server should not collapse multiple similar attempts and that each attempt is maintained as a separate record in the recent login history. Clients that authenticate multiple times per day can have multiple records per day.
update-at-most-once-per-day— Indicates that the server should not collapse multiple similar attempts and that only the first such attempt on any given day is recorded. This can reduce the number of writes required to maintain the recent login history.
If either the
properties has a value, then the server maintains a history of recent successful
attempts. If both properties are configured, then the server can purge information
about successful attempts that match the criteria for either. This is useful, for
example, if you usually want to keep records based on a duration, but want to add
protection against the history growing too large from an excessive number of records
created within that duration.
Similarly, the server maintains a record of recent failed authentication attempts if either or
properties are configured. It is possible to maintain a record of successful
attempts without a record of failed attempts, to maintain a record of failed
attempts without successful attempts, or to maintain a record of both successful and
failed attempts. By default, no recent login history is maintained.
properties are used to maintain records of successful and failed attempts based
on their duration, then it is possible for the server to retain records older
than that duration if they are the most recent record of that type in the user’s
entry. That is, if the server is configured to maintain a history of successful
logins, then the record of the most recent successful attempt will be retained
even if it is older than the maximum duration for successful login attempts. The
same is true if failed authentication attempts are to be maintained and a
duration is configured.
batch file for more information about configuring a recent login history.
Retrieving a user’s recent login history
If the server is configured to maintain a recent login history for a user, then there are several ways that this history can be retrieved. They include:
- The client can include the get recent login history request control in the bind
request. If the bind succeeds, then the server includes a corresponding response
control in the bind result. The UnboundID LDAP SDK for Java provides support for
these controls, and the
ldapmodifycommand-line tools both offer the
--getRecentLoginHistoryargument that can be used to retrieve the history from the command line.
- If the ds-pwp-state-json virtual attribute
is enabled, then it might include a
recent-login-historyfield whose value is a JSON object with information about recent successful and failed attempts for that user.
- The password policy state extended operation (or the
manage-account command-linetool) can be used to retrieve the user’s recent login history.