PingFederate supplies HTML templates, located in the <pf_install>/pingfederate/server/default/conf/template directory, to provide information to the end-users or to request user input when processing their requests.
The PingFederate HTML templates utilize the Velocity template engine, an open-source Apache project. For more information about Velocity, please refer to the Velocity project documentation on the Apache website at https://velocity.apache.org.
You can modify most of these pages in a text editor to suit the particular branding and informational needs of your PingFederate installation. CSS and images for these pages are included in the template/assets subdirectory. Each page contains both Velocity constructs and standard HTML. The Velocity engine interprets the commands embedded in the template page before the HTML is rendered in the user's browser. At runtime, PingFederate supplies values for the Velocity variables used in the template.
You can develop and deploy your own tools using the Velocity tools framework. For a full list of available tools, see Tools Usage Summary in the Apache Velocity documentation.
Each template contains specific variables that can be used for rendering the associated web page. You can see the variables and usage examples in the comments of each template.
The following table describes variables that are available across all templates.
|Variable||Description and Usage|
|utils- utility class||The utility method to display JSON String arrays.
|$escape||A utility class that can be used to escape String variables inserted into
the template, such as
Use the $escape variable to escape external data, such as request parameters, to mitigate the risk of potential cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks.
|$HttpServletRequest||A Java object instance of
|$HttpServletResponse||A Java object instance of
|$locale||A Java object instance of
|$CurrentPingFedBaseURL||The host name found in the request, provided that it matches either the PingFederate's base URL or one of the configured virtual host names.|
|$PingFedBaseURL||The PingFederate base URL.
For most deployments, use the $CurrentPingFedBaseURL variable instead of the $PingFedBaseURL variable.
|$templateMessages||Used to localize messages in the template, based on user's Locale, an
|$TrackingId||The user's session tracking ID.|
The following describes variables that are available on some templates.
The entity ID (connection ID) of the SP connection used in this SSO transaction.
The name of the SP Connection used in this SSO transaction.
The ID of the
The SP Adapter ID used in this transaction.
The base URL of PingFederate instance.
The IdP Adapter ID used in this transaction.
The value of the OpenID Connect
The extended properties defined on either the connection or OAuth client.
The user's display name, email address, and other user-specific data retrieved from the template type used in this transaction. The $userAttributes variable represents the attributes associated with a user's identity and enables the retrieval of user-specific information across templates.
In Local Identity Profile (LIP)-related templates, the attribute names of $userAttributes are derived from the data store mapping configured in. For example, userAttributes.email is an attribute in this context.
In Adapter-related templates, the attribute names of
$userAttributes are based on the configured contract
in the LDAP-type
|$grantAttributes||The attributes of the grant used in this transaction.|
At runtime, the user's browser is directed to the appropriate page, depending on the operation being performed and where the related condition occurs. For example, if a single sign-on (SSO) error occurs during identity provider (IdP)-initiated SSO, the user's browser is directed to the IdP's SSO error-handling page.
Applications can override the PingFederate server-hosted pages provided specifically for SSO and single logout (SLO) errors by specifying a URL value in the relevant application endpoint's InErrorResource parameter. Administrators can override SSO and SLO success pages by specifying default URLs on the SP Default URLs window ( ) or the IdP Default URL window ( ).
The Velocity templates retrieve titles and other text from a message-property file, pingfederate-messages.properties, located in the <pf_install>/pingfederate/server/default/conf/language-packs directory. You can also localize these messages using the PingFederate localization framework.
If you have a clustered PingFederate environment, copy the customized, and localized, templates to each node.
Strict content security policy for HTML templates
Content security policy (CSP) is a security feature that protects against cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks by controlling what resources a web page can load. When creating customizable user-facing pages, ensure that your HTML templates follow a strict CSP to prevent the execution of any unsafe or unauthorized scripts and resources on the user's browser. For more information, see Content Security Policy (CSP) in the Mozilla developer documentation.
PingFederate enforces a CSP on its HTML templates
<meta> HTML element. The CSP configured though this
element varies depending on the template and the use-cases it supports. You can modify
the CSP to work with your template customizations and security requirements. The
$CSPNonce Velocity variable is available on all templates, and you
can use this variable to allow inline scripts and styles by including the nonce in
<script> HTML tags.