SAML SP connection configuration

Existing SAML SP connections that rely on multiple session states in a single transaction will be affected by new session state validation measures introduced in PingFederate 11.2.5 and 11.3 under PF-33168. For more information, see PingFederate 11.3 (June 2023).

For more information about how to diagnose and resolve issues caused by this update, see Solicited SAML Response Validation in the Ping Identity Support Portal.

New token kid for RSA256 signing algorithm

With the added support of the alg attribute at the JWKS endpoint in PingFederate 11.3, the RSA signing key will now be listed an additional time, with the _RS256 suffix and the alg:RS256 attribute.

While signing ID tokens or access tokens using centralized signing keys, this new kid will be used when RSA256 is the preferred algorithm.

11.3.1 upgrade consideration

When updating to the latest maintenance release using an in-place update method (for example, from 11.3.0 to 11.3.x), in addition to the steps in Updating to the latest maintenance release, you must remove the existing PingFederate Windows service. After removal, re-install the PingFederate Windows Service to apply this fix.

Apache Velocity Engine upgrade

With PingFederate 11.3, we've upgraded the Apache Velocity templating engine from version 1.6 to version 2.3. All out-of-the-box PingFederate HTML templates are backward compatible with this new version of Velocity, but customized templates might require edits to work with version 2.3. For a complete list of changes to the Velocity engine that might require updating customized templates, see Upgrading in the Apache Velocity Engine documentation.

Replacement of hivemodule.xml

Starting with PingFederate 11.3, the distribution ZIP file no longer contains the hivemodule.xml file. Instead, the distribution contains a new file: service-points.conf in the <pf_install>/pingfederate/server/default/conf/ directory. On first startup, PingFederate processes service-points.conf and generates a default hivemodule.xml.

The advantage of the service-points.conf file is that it lets you use environment variables to override hivemodule settings without having to modify an XML file. For more information, see Overriding configuration settings using environment variables.

When you upgrade a supported version of PingFederate older than 11.3 to version 11.3 or later, the service-points.conf file replaces the hivemodule.xml file in the <pf_install>/pingfederate/server/default/conf/META-INF/ directory with a generated default hivemodule.xml file in <pf_install>/pingfederate/server/default/conf/generated-hivemodule/META-INF/ directory.

If you want to continue using hivemodule.xml instead of service-points.conf, add hivemodule.xml to the directory <pf_install>/pingfederate/server/default/conf/META-INF/ after upgrading PingFederate. During startup, if PingFederate finds hivemodule.xml in that directory, it will ignore service-points.conf. Later, when you upgrade PingFederate 11.3 or a newer version, the hivemodule.xml file won't be replaced.

These changes don't affect your upgrade process in either of the following cases:

  • You upgrade to PingFederate 11.3 or later using the upgrade utility, as recommended
  • You don't need to modify the default hivemodule.xml file
Important:

If you start a new instance of PingFederate 11.3 or later using a process that depends on having hivemodule.xml in the distribution ZIP file, the process will fail. To prevent this startup failure, do one of the following:

  • Launch a local instance of the new PingFederate version, which generates the default hivemodule.xml in <pf_install>/pingfederate/server/default/conf/generated-hivemodule/META-INF/. Copy and, if needed, modify hivemodule.xml. Use that file to launch your production PingFederate instance. When you launch PingFederate, your existing process can grab hivemodule.xml and work as expected.
  • Disable your process that needs to work with hivemodule.xml directly. If needed, modify the service-points.conf file that comes with PingFederate 11.3 or later. When you launch PingFederate, it generates hivemodule.xml and works as expected.
  • Disable your process that needs to work with hivemodule.xml directly. If needed, configure the PingFederate environment variables. When you launch PingFederate, it uses those environment variables and generates hivemodule.xml.
LDAP properties

Starting with PingFederate 11.3, the <pf_install>/pingfederate/bin/ldap.properties file includes the new ldap.type field. This mandatory field specifies the LDAP directory server type. If you use LDAP for administrative console or administrative API authentication, ensure you set this field to a valid value.

Refresh token rolling grace period

When upgrading from PingFederate versions later than 11.0.1, if the Authorization Server Settings window was never modified, a default value of 0 shall be set for Refresh Token Rolling Grace Period. If the Authorization Server Settings window was modified, the previously set value shall be retained. For more information, see the Refresh Token Rolling Grace period field in Configuring authorization server settings.

Metadata response configuration

Starting with PingFederate 11.2, PingFederate provides an OAuth authorization server metadata endpoint, /.well-known/oauth-authorization-server. The new endpoint returns configuration information that OAuth clients need to interface with PingFederate using the OAuth 2.0 protocol. You can customize what information the endpoint returns by editing the <pf_install>/pingfederate/server/default/conf/openid-configuration.template.json template file, which also determines what information the OpenID Connect metadata endpoint returns.

If you previously modified openid-configuration.template.json for the OpenID Connect metadata endpoint, merge your modifications into the 11.2 version of the template.

Processing policy fragments

Starting with PingFederate 11.2, PingFederate processes policy fragments independently from policies and other fragments. The nodes in a fragment are no longer aware of the exterior policy or fragment invoking it, other than the fragment input values that the input authentication policy contract provides. The inverse is also true. The exterior policy or fragment is no longer aware of the processing that occurred within an interior fragment, only what is mapped to the output authentication policy contract.

Integration with Amazon Web Services (AWS) CloudHSM

Starting with PingFederate 11.2, PingFederate's integration with AWS CloudHSM now requires the AWS CloudHSM Java Cryptography Extension (JCE) provider for Client SDK 5. There are a number of new limitations around assertion and token decryption with Client SDK 5. For more information on limitations, see the Hardware security modules (HSM) issue section of the Release Notes. In addition, the java.security file in the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) no longer needs to be modified and client files do not need to be copied to the JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/ext directory. For more information on how to upgrade the HSM client, see the updated setup instructions in Integrating with AWS CloudHSM.

Verbose logging

Starting with PingFederate 11.2, you can enable verbose logging with the Log Settings window or with the administrative API on nodes that have the updated version of the <pf_install>/pingfederate/server/default/conf/log4j2.xml file. If log4j2.xml was previously modified, PingFederate will migrate the modified file on upgrade and create a backup of the latest file. To take advantage of the new verbose logging capability, you must merge your modifications into the latest version of log4j2.xml.

Expired passwords and prompts to change passwords

When using PingDirectory 8.2 or later as the credential store, if a user's password has expired, the following settings ensure PingFederate doesn't direct the user to the Change Password form when they enter an invalid password:

  • Set the return-password-expiration-controls setting in the PingDirectory password policy to always.
  • Starting with PingFederate 11.1, when configuring an LDAP Username Password Credential Validator, select the Expect Password Expired Control checkbox in the advanced fields section of the Instance Configuration tab of the Create Credential Validator Instance window.
Device authorization flows using the authentication API
Starting with PingFederate 11.1, the user code verification steps of the device authorization flow are API-enabled. Existing API applications will need to be updated to support the new API states. To disable the use of the API for the new states, set enable-authn-api-for-user-code-validation to false in <pf_install>/pingfederate/server/default/config-store/oauth-device-flow.xml. This will cause PingFederate to continue to render these states itself using the Velocity templates.
Java 17
Starting with PingFederate 11.1, when using Java 17, the following JDKs are supported:
  • Adoptium OpenJDK
  • Oracle JDK
  • Amazon Correto
If you upgrade to Java version 17 after you upgrade PingFederate:
  • Remove -XX:-UseParallelOldGC from the jvm-memory.options file.
  • Reinstall the Windows Service.
Certificate revocation checking
Starting with PingFederate 11.1, when configured for certificate revocation list (CRL) or online certificate status protocol (OCSP) revocation checking, PingFederate now performs these checks in a broader range of flows. In particular, outbound TLS calls to retrieve JSON web key sets (JWKS) now perform revocation checks. Also, outbound TLS calls performed by plugins, such as adapters, now perform revocation checks. To revert to the previous behavior where PingFederate doesn't perform these new checks, set pf.tls.installRevocationCheckerGlobally to false in the run.properties file.
Note:

CRL-based revocation checks can consume large amounts of memory. If CRL checking is enabled, you should set PingFederate's maximum heap in the jvm-memory.options file to at least 4 GB. Alternatively, consider switching to OCSP revocation checking, which demands fewer resources.

When configured for CRL or OCSP revocation checking, PingFederate's validation of CRLs and OCSP responses is tighter than before. The following settings in the revocation-checking-config.xml file control the new validation checks:
  • crl-issuer-allow-any-trust-anchor
  • crl-verify-issuing-distribution-point
  • OCSP-enforce-responder-key-usage-check
Although you should leave the new validation checks enabled, you can disable them for compatibility with existing deployments.
Custom MasterKeyEncryptor implementations
Starting with PingFederate 11.1, due to the revocation checking enhancements outlined above, a circular initialization dependency can arise if revocation checking is enabled and a custom MasterKeyEncryptor implementation makes API calls to an external service. To avoid this risk, you should disable revocation checking for any API calls made by the master key encryptor. Refer to the SDK documentation for more information on how to disable revocation checking in custom MasterKeyEncryptor implementations.
run.sh and run.bat files
In PingFederate 11.1, the run.sh and run.bat files were updated.
  • A startup directory was added under the PingFederate installation. Its contents are now added to the classpath using a wildcard.
  • References to jetty-start.jar were updated in run.sh and run.bat because jetty-start.jar was moved from the bin directory to the startup directory.
  • References to run.jar were removed from run.sh and run.bat because run.jar was removed from the bin directory.
If your run.sh or run.bat files were customized, you must update your copy of these files accordingly.
Template username.recovery.template.html
Starting with PingFederate 11.1, the username.recovery.template.html template no longer includes the $forgotPasswordUrl variable.
Tip:

The top of the template file documents which variables you can use.

Dynamic discovery settings
In versions preceding PingFederate 11.0, administrators could only define dynamic discovery settings to discover cluster membership in the server/default/conf/tcp.xml file. Now PingFederate provides a new configuration file for these settings, bin/jgroups.properties. This new approach streamlines future upgrade experiences. For new installations, we recommend defining dynamic discovery settings in the jgroups.properties file. While upgraded environments will continue to look for dynamic discovery settings from the tcp.xml file, we recommend performing a one-time migration to ease the upgrade experiences in the future. For more information, see Migrating cluster discovery settings.
Velocity HTML templates
Starting with PingFederate 11.0, if any of the default Velocity HTML templates for user-facing windows were modified, the Upgrade Utility migrates them to the new installation and renames the corresponding default templates in the new installation with the following format: <template_name>-default-<PF-version>.<ext>. For more information, see User-facing windows.
Kerberos authentication
Starting with PingFederate 11.0, when the new Retain Previous Keys on Password Change check box on the Manage Domain/Realm window is selected, PingFederate saves the encryption keys associated with the password of the current Kerberos service account. The check box is selected by default.
Note:

PingFederate will not save the encryption keys until you re-save the configuration of the domain or realm. To facilitate seamless rotation of the service account password for existing domains, click Save on the Manage Domain/Realm window before you update the password in the domain controller. For more information, see Adding Active Directory domains and Kerberos realms.

IWA IdP adapter
PingFederate 11.0 and later no longer support the integrated Windows authentication (IWA) IdP adapter. The IWA integration kit for Kerberos has been replaced with a PingFederate adapter for Kerberos. See Migrating from the Integrated Windows Authentication Integration Kit to the PingFederate Kerberos adapter.
Private key JSON web token authentication
When authenticating an OAuth client that uses the private key JSON web token (JWT) authentication scheme, PingFederate now validates that the issuer and subject claims in the JWT have the same value.
The following administrative API endpoint exposes the validation on/off switch:
https://{{pf_base_host_port}}/pf-admin-api/v1/configStore/oauth-credentials-validator/issuerMustBeEqualToClientId
To disable validation, send an HTTP POST request with the following body to the endpoint:
{
  "id": "issuerMustBeEqualToClientId",
  "stringValue": "false",
  "type":"STRING"
}
Authentication API applications
Starting with PingFederate 11.0, the new Restrict Access to Redirectless Mode check box on the Authentication API Applications window lets you restrict which authentication API applications can use redirectless mode. To avoid impacting existing deployments, this check box is not selected on upgrade. However, you should enable this setting. For more information, see Managing authentication applications.
Jetty agent
Starting with PingFederate 11.0, if your PingFederate server is running on a Java version prior to 8u252, you must modify your run.sh, run.bat, or PingFederateService.conf script to include the new Jetty agent in PingFederate.

Add the following Java argument to the script:

-javaagent:/server/default/lib/jetty-alpn-agent.jar

Example for run.sh:

"$JAVA" $JAVA_OPTS \
$ERROR_FILE \
$HEAP_DUMP \
${GC_FILE:+$GC_FLAG"$GC_FILE"$GC_OPTIONS} \
$ENDORSED_DIRS_FLAG \
-javaagent:$PF_HOME/server/default/lib/jetty-alpn-agent.jar \
-Dlog4j2.AsyncQueueFullPolicy=Discard \

Example for run.bat:

"%JAVA%" %PF_JAVA_OPTS% %JAVA_OPTS% %GC_OPTION% -javaagent:%PF_HOME%/server/default/lib/jetty-alpn-agent.jar -Dlog4j2.AsyncQueueFullPolicy=Discard

Example for PingFederateService.conf (note the extra ../ because this is located in pingfederate/sbin/wrapper):

# Java Additional Parameters
wrapper.java.additional.1=-Dlog4j.configurationFile=../../server/default/conf/log4j2.xml

...... (omitted lines 2-13 to save space) ......

wrapper.java.additional.14=-javaagent:../../server/default/lib/jetty-alpn-agent.jar
Specifying a maximum size for inbound runtime requests
Starting with PingFederate 11.0, if you have previously specified a value for maxFormContextSize in jetty-runtime.xml, you should now use pf.runtime.http.maxRequestSize in the run.properties file to control the maximum size for inbound runtime requests. For more information, see Configuring PingFederate properties.
Java 8
As we continue to improve our products and hardware security module (HSM) integrations, you should migrate off of Java 8. We intend to remove Java 8 support from our qualification process in May 2023. For more information, including Java 11 support, see System requirements.
Third-party integrations

As we continue to improve PingFederate, we intend to remove the following product releases from our qualification process after the release of PingFederate 11.3 in June 2023:

  • Oracle Linux 7.9 (Red Hat-compatible Kernel)
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.9
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2016 SP2
  • Oracle Database 12c Release 2
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2
  • Microsoft Active Directory 2012 R2

We encourage you to upgrade these products to more recent versions, such as:

  • Oracle Linux 8.5 (Red Hat-compatible Kernel)
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.5
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2017
  • Oracle Database 19c
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016
  • Microsoft Active Directory 2016

For a more complete list of qualified third-party solutions, see System requirements.