ASE uses a combination of header hostname and URL suffix to route incoming API requests to the correct backend server. The following sections show scenarios for routing based on server and API name.

Multiple host names with same API name

ASE supports configuring more than one hostname on one ASE node or cluster. It routes the incoming traffic based on the host name and the API configured in the JSON file. For example, traffic to two hosts named and is routed based on the configurations in the respective API JSON file.

For incoming API requests, ASE first checks for the host name in the JSON file. If the host name is configured, then it checks for the API name. If both host and API name are defined, then the incoming API request is routed to one of the configured servers.

In the above example, ASE checks whether is configured in the JSON file (shopping.json). It then checks for the API, /index. If it finds both to be present, then it routes the traffic to one of the defined backend servers. Following is a snippet from a sample JSON file which shows the values that should be configured for shopping.json:

"api_metadata": {
 "protocol": "https",
 "url": "/index,
 "hostname": "",
 "cookie": "JSESSIONID",
 "cookie_idle_timeout": "200m",
 "logout_api_enabled": true,
 "cookie_persistence_enabled": false,

For each API, configure a separate JSON file.

Single host name with different API names

ASE supports configuring the same hostname with different API names. For example, hostname has two different APIs, /index and /auth. Traffic to each API is routed using the API specific JSON file: shopping-index.json or shopping-auth.json.

In the following illustration, any requests for are routed by ASE to a server configured in shopping-index.json. In this case, shopping-index.json file parameters must match for both the hostname and API. Similarly, requests to, are routed by ASE to a server configured in shopping-auth.json.

Wildcard hostname and API name

ASE can also be used as a simple load balancer to route traffic for legacy web applications. The load balancing technique used for server load balancing is based on protocol and cookie information. To configure ASE as a simple load balancer, set the following parameters in a JSON file:

“hostname”: “*”,
"url": "/",

When hostname “*” and url “/” are configured in a JSON file, any request that does not match a specific hostname and url defined in another JSON file uses the destination servers specified in this file to route the traffic.

In the above illustration, hostname is configured as “*” and url as “/”. ASE does not differentiate between hostname and API name. It simply balances traffic across all backend servers.

Note: For all scenarios, when connections are being routed to a backend server which goes down, ASE dynamically redirects the connections to a live server in the pool.